AP@UNITED STATES HISTORY FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS
UNITED STATES HISTORY
(Suggested writing time-45 minutes)Percent of Section I1 score-45Directions:
The following question requires you to construct a coherent essay that integrates your interpretation ofDocuments A-I
your knowledge of the period referred to in the question. High scores will be earned only byessays that both cite key pieces of evidence from the documents and draw on outside knowledge of the period.1. What were the Cold War fears of the American people in the aftermath of the Second World War?How successfully did the administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower address these fears?Use the documents and your knowledge of the years 1948-1961 to construct your response.
Source: Dwight Eisenhower, press conference, March 1954.There is too much hysteria. You know, the world is suffering from a multiplicity of fears. Wefear the men in the Kremlin, we fear what they will do to our friends around them; we arefearing what unwise investigators will do to us here at home as they try to combat subversionor bribery or deceit within. We fear depression; we fear the loss of jobs. All of these, with theirimpact on the human mind, makes us act almost hysterically, and you find the hystericalreactions.
Source: John Foster Dulles, Secretary of State, June 1954.If world communism captures any American State, however small, a new and perilous frontis established which will increase the danger to the entire free world and require even greatersacrifices from the American people.This situation in Guatemala had become so dangerous that the American States could notignore it. At Caracas last March, the American States held their Tenth Inter-AmericanConference. They then adopted a momentous statement. They declared that "the dominationor control of the political institutions of any American State by the international Communistmovement
would constitute a threat to the sovereignty and political independence of theAmerican States, endangering the peace of America."
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Ap Us History 2001 Dbq Essay
1081 WordsApr 2nd, 20115 Pages
How successfully did Eisenhower’s administration address Cold War fears after WWII from 1948 to 1961?
Eisenhower’s administration was to a somewhat large extent successful in addressing Cold War fears after World War II through attempts at promoting capitalism and preventing the spread of Communism.
I. General American Fears after WWII. A. Spread of Communism fear of U.S. becoming Communist. B. China Communist fear. C. McCarthyism heightened fear. D. Hesitation of action to prevent WWIII ^ fear.
II. Eisenhower Administration
A. Massive retaliation; nuclear weapons prevented USSR attack.
B. Containment policy to prevent war/attack.
C. Interstate Highway System to ^ US defense against Communism.
D. CIA…show more content…
Further events, such as McCarthyism and Senator McCarthy’s false accusations led to the further growth of the Red Scare. The Red Scare led to hysteria amongst U.S. citizens, common Americans went to the extreme to build shelters in case of warfare. (Doc C). As lifestyles of Americans were threatened, it was justifiable of U.S. citizens to find ways to protect themselves. While the Second Red Scare went to an extreme, Eisenhower’s administration helped diminish the fright American citizens felt. Eisenhower’s administration took many actions to strengthen anti-communist states and prevent the spread of communism. One example would be the use of former President Truman’s containment policy to prevent ware between the U.S. and the USSR. Another example would be, to prevent the Soviet Union from attacking the U.S., the Eisenhower administration began massive retaliation or the mass building of nuclear weapons. This would help the United States save money and cause our enemies to think twice before starting an attack. The USSR building nuclear bombs themselves put the U.S. at risk (Doc E), this should be taken with a grain of salt though because the potential of a war and destruction was too much of a risk for both countries to attack. This potential put both countries back at a stalemate position. Ultimately, massive retaliation acted as a protective barrier for the U.S. and American citizens, calming the fear of