Camps De Maduixes Argumentative Essays

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Introductions, Body Paragraphs, and Conclusions for an Argument Paper

Summary:

This resource outlines the generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions in an academic argument paper. Keep in mind that this resource contains guidelines and not strict rules about organization. Your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the requirements of your purpose and audience.

Contributors: Allen Brizee
Last Edited: 2018-02-09 01:03:40

The following sections outline the generally accepted structure for an academic argument paper. Keep in mind that these are guidelines and that your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the requirements of your purpose and audience.

You may also use the following Purdue OWL resources to help you with your argument paper:

Introduction

The introduction is the broad beginning of the paper that answers three important questions:

  1. What is this?
  2. Why am I reading it?
  3. What do you want me to do?

You should answer these questions by doing the following:

  1. Set the context –provide general information about the main idea, explaining the situation so the reader can make sense of the topic and the claims you make and support
  2. State why the main idea is important –tell the reader why he or she should care and keep reading. Your goal is to create a compelling, clear, and convincing essay people will want to read and act upon
  3. State your thesis/claim –compose a sentence or two stating the position you will support with logos (sound reasoning: induction, deduction), pathos (balanced emotional appeal), and ethos (author credibility).

For exploratory essays, your primary research question would replace your thesis statement so that the audience understands why you began your inquiry. An overview of the types of sources you explored might follow your research question.

If your argument paper is long, you may want to forecast how you will support your thesis by outlining the structure of your paper, the sources you will consider, and the opposition to your position. You can forecast your paper in many different ways depending on the type of paper you are writing. Your forecast could read something like this:

First, I will define key terms for my argument, and then I will provide some background of the situation. Next, I will outline the important positions of the argument and explain why I support one of these positions. Lastly, I will consider opposing positions and discuss why these positions are outdated. I will conclude with some ideas for taking action and possible directions for future research.

When writing a research paper, you may need to use a more formal, less personal tone. Your forecast might read like this:

This paper begins by providing key terms for the argument before providing background of the situation. Next, important positions are outlined and supported. To provide a more thorough explanation of these important positions, opposing positions are discussed. The paper concludes with some ideas for taking action and possible directions for future research.

Ask your instructor about what tone you should use when providing a forecast for your paper.

These are very general examples, but by adding some details on your specific topic, a forecast will effectively outline the structure of your paper so your readers can more easily follow your ideas.

Thesis checklist

Your thesis is more than a general statement about your main idea. It needs to establish a clear position you will support with balanced proofs (logos, pathos, ethos). Use the checklist below to help you create a thesis.

This section is adapted from Writing with a Thesis: A Rhetoric Reader by David Skwire and Sarah Skwire:

Make sure you avoid the following when creating your thesis:

  • A thesis is not a title: Homes and schools (title) vs. Parents ought to participate more in the education of their children (good thesis).
  • A thesis is not an announcement of the subject: My subject is the incompetence of the Supreme Court vs. The Supreme Court made a mistake when it ruled in favor of George W. Bush in the 2000 election.
  • A thesis is not a statement of absolute fact: Jane Austen is the author of Pride and Prejudice.
  • A thesis is not the whole essay: A thesis is your main idea/claim/refutation/problem-solution expressed in a single sentence or a combination of sentences.
  • Please note that according to the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, Seventh Edition, "A thesis statement is a single sentence that formulates both your topic and your point of view" (Gibaldi 42). However, if your paper is more complex and requires a thesis statement, your thesis may require a combination of sentences.

Make sure you follow these guidelines when creating your thesis:

  • A good thesis is unified:
    • NOT: Detective stories are not a high form of literature, but people have always been fascinated by them, and many fine writers have experimented with them

(floppy). vs.

  •  
    • BETTER: Detective stories appeal to the basic human desire for thrills (concise).

  • A good thesis is specific:
    • NOT: James Joyce’s Ulysses is very good. vs.

    • BETTER: James Joyce’s Ulysses helped create a new way for writers to deal with the unconscious.

  • Try to be as specific as possible (without providing too much detail) when creating your thesis:
    • NOT: James Joyce’s Ulysses helped create a new way for writers to deal with the unconscious. vs.

    • BETTER: James Joyce’s Ulysses helped create a new way for writers to deal with the unconscious by utilizing the findings of Freudian psychology and introducing the techniques of literary stream-of-consciousness.

Quick Checklist:

_____ The thesis/claim follows the guidelines outlined above

_____ The thesis/claim matches the requirements and goals of the assignment

_____ The thesis/claim is clear and easily recognizable

_____ The thesis/claim seems supportable by good reasoning/data, emotional appeal

Avui, pensant en quin llibre podia basar la meva entrada, m'ha vingut al cap un llibre que vaig llegir amb els meus alumnes de 3r d'ESO i que els va eclipsar. Aquest llibre és Camps de Maduixes de Jordi Sierra i Fabra, el qual desenvolupa temes de la realitat quotidiana en què molts joves es troben immersos: les drogues, la bulímia, l'amistat, la relació entre pares i fills... 

Jordi Sierra i Fabra, en aquests últims anys, s'ha converit en un escriptor de referència per als joves, ja que la majoria de les seves obres van destinades a aquest públic.Ha estat guardonat amb diversos premis. Les seves obres ja s'eleven a més de 400. És l'exemple d'autor que viu per escriure i delectar als seus lectors.

La novel·la comença quan una matinada sona el telèfon de casa els Sala. Els truquen des d'un hospital per informar-los que la seva filla Lluciana, de 18 anys, es troba en estat de coma per ingerir una substància perillosa en una discoteca. A partir d'aquest fet, l'obra gira entorn de dos temes centrals. En primer lloc, el de les drogues entre els adolescents. La Lluciana, després de caure en un coma profund, s'haurà d'endinsar en una desesperada lluita per vèncer la mort. Els metges desconeixen els components de la pastilla que ha pres, així doncs, no saben quin seria el tractament més adequat per la pacient. L'Eloi, el xicot de la Lluciana, iniciarà una carrera a contrarellotge per aconseguir la pastilla que necessiten els metges per curar la Lluciana. En segon lloc, la millor amiga de la Lluciana, la Loreto, la qual pateix bulímia, s'adona del sofriment de la seva amiga. Aquest fet fa obrir-li els ulls: vol curar-se per recuperar la seva vida. Per tant, apareix un altre tema transcendent entre els adolescents, el dels trastorns alimentaris.

Entraran en joc a la història, també, l'inspector Vicenç Espinós, el qual utilitzarà tots els mitjans per desemmascar els traficants de droga i el periodista Marià Zapata que voldrà aconseguir una fotografia de la Lluciana en estat de coma per conscienciar als ciutadans del perill de les drogues i la necessitat de buscar solucions.

És important destacar la presència d'elements simbòlics a l'obra. D'una banda, la partida d'escacs; mentre la Lluciana està en coma s'imagina en un taulell d'escacs, on les peces blanques intenten esquivar la mort, ja que simbolitzen la vida i les negres les intenten aturar, les quals representen la mort. D'altra banda, de la boca del periodista en surt el següent enunciat:
"Com deien els Beatles, els camps de maduixes poden arribar a ser eterns”; aquestes paraules, fruit del títol d'una cançó dels Beatles, fan referència a una via d'escapament, és a dir, el lloc on es troba la Lluciana ningú hi pot arribar, és un indret on res és real, on no hi ha res per preocupar-se. Molts han identificat la lletra de la cançó a la ingestió d'èxtasi.

El llibre està dividit en diferents capítols, cadascun porta de títol és una hora del dia en concret; de manera que l'obra s'inicia un divendres a les 6 h 39 min de la matinada i finalitza a les 19 h i 29 min del dia següent. Respecte la perspectiva narrativa, s'ha de comentar que el llibre està escrit majoritàriament en tercera persona, però es troben alguns capítols en què el subconscient de la Lluciana n'és el narrador, així doncs, s'observa un monòleg interior de la protagonista.

En resum, Camps de maduixes és un llibre excel·lent per als adolescents. A través dels seus temes variats podem intentar conscienciar a l'alumnat dels riscos que provoquen les drogues i els trastorns alimentaris entre els joves. La vida és massa bonica perquè la deixem perdre.

Us deixo a continuació, un trailer sobre l'argument del llibre i la cançó Strawberry Fields Forever, la lletra que va servir d'inspiració a Jordi Sierra i Fabra per escriure'l.


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