Was The Reconstruction A Success Or A Failure Essay
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Discuss Whether Reconstruction Was a Success or a Failure.
Reconstruction is the period of rebuilding the south that succeeded the Civil War (1861-1865). This period of time is set by the question now what? The Union won the war and most of the south was destroyed. Devastation, buildings turned into crumbles and lost crops. The South was drowning in poverty. To worsen the situation there were thousands of ex-slaves that were set free by the Emancipation Proclamation and the 13 Amendment. "All these ex-slaves", Dr. Susan Walens commented, "and no place to put them," The ex-slaves weren't just homeless but they had no rights, unlike white man. The government and congress had to solve the issues present in the south and the whole nation…show more content…
This was working alright until President Johnson, who had preceded Lincoln, order all the land under federal control to be given back to whom they were taken from (Foner). This is a big setback for reconstruction and freed slaves.
The Freedmen Bureau was the federal institution in control of those terrains given to blacks and now they had to take it back. Under the administration of O. O. Howard the bureau functions were to "establish schools, provide aide to the poor and aged, settle disputes between whites and blacks and among freedpeople, and secure for former slave and white Unionist equal treatment before court," (Foner 483). The Bureau did not have enough agents to put in action the task appointed to it in the south. The Freedmen Bureau was dissolved after five years living the black man on its own.
Something that President Johnson did to start the period of Reconstruction was to pardon all Confederates soldiers if they plead loyalty and alliance to the Union. No one was held accountable for what happened, one man was murder. Also he demanded that the states in the south abolish slavery and change their constitution in order to be accepted into the United States. Those were Andrew Johnson terms for Reconstructions. Not very efficient because it leaves all these defeated soldiers, filled with anger and violence in the streets. Then Congress tried to pass the Civil Rights bill and the 14th amendment which
Show More“A house divided against itself cannot stand.” - Abraham Lincoln. After the Civil War, America was in the era of Reconstruction, which was to bring the eleven seceding states back to a self-government and to be reseated in Congress, civil status of the former leaders of the Confederacy, and the Constitutional and legal status of freedmen. As people focused to attack on these issues, there was also people who thought the opposite was better for America such as, the South did not like some of the ideas that was to come with Reconstruction of America, and also the Klu Klux Klan who was established by white men who supported Reconstruction but not towards legal status of freedmen. The Reconstruction era was not easy to finish and it had…show more content…
More laws that protected the rights of the newly freedmen, and accepted them as men, having the right to vote and speak. Freedmen’s Bureau was formed to prevent people from becoming homeless and poor and education was provided to everyone, and it was forced in the South. The Compromise of 1877 and the Enforcement Act of 1870 which “banned the use of terror, force, or bribery to prevent people from voting because of their race”.
Failures of the Reconstructions were the formation of the Klu Klux Klan who were people who wore robes and masks and pretended to be ghost of the Confederate soldiers, they were scared of change and the rising rights of the African Americans. Poverty struck the South bad because many white southerns lost their land and the blacks were newly freed, but there was little jobs offered to African Americans. The industrialization in the South was too slow and sharecropping and tenant farming brought more complications because it was unfair to the laborers on the land. Corruption of taxes because little percent would be used to help and the rest would go in the government’s pockets. Taxes were raised in order to rebuild the South and Jim Crow Laws which supported discrimination and racial segregation. The Reconstruction went though a lot of battles on issues to get through of the aftermath of the